Content outline:

  • The part devoted to geodesy (geometrical, physical, map projections) is, in view of the entry requirements, a refreshing module.
  • The Least square theory, with example of usage in hydrography is detailed in the second part.
  • A refreshing module on land surveying with focus to hydrographic measurements is done in the third part.
  • It is followed by a comprehensive study of spatial referencing of mobile survey systems hybrid measurements (Positioning,  Plateform attitudes, range measurement by single and multibeam echo sounders and LiDAR). This part includes a description of the different frames (local geodetic, survey plateform body frame, sensor frames) and associated transformation between these frames.


The main learning outcomes of GSR are:

  1. Describe geodetic reference systems in use and achieve transformations between geodetic systems; Perform geodetic line computation and map projections.
  2. Measure and adjust survey control data from angle and distance measurement devices.
  3. Understand mobile mapping concepts and associated frames, perform data spatial referencing from hybrid measurements of position, orientation and ranging.


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